Saturday, January 13, 2007

JAVA, J2EE Interview FAQ

------------ --------- --------- --------- ---------
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(FAQ) FindBugs - Find Bugs in Java Programs - Free Tool
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(FAQ) 60 JAVA QUESTIONS
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(FAQ) 11 Core Java basic questions ?
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(FAQ) EJB Notes - Very Useful
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(FAQ) What is "System", "out", "println" in System.out.println
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(FAQ) What is diffrence between ejbCreate and ejbPostCreate?
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(FAQ) What are similarities/ differences between an Abstract class and Interface?
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(FAQ) What is Transient variable ?
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(FAQ) Difference between HashMap and Hashtable ?
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(FAQ) Difference between forward(request, response) and SendRedirect( url) in Servlet ?
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Monday, January 8, 2007

Boot file

Boot file
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

[boot loader]
redirect=usebiosettings
redirectbaudrate=
timeout=30
default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS
[operating systems]
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows XP Professional" /fastdetect /NoExecute=OptIn

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

This is the boot.ini file of win XP if u'r boot file is corrupted then copy the above lines and save it as boot.ini and put it in u'r "c" drive

Windows XP Tips

Windows XP Tips

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Deleting System Softwares:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

XP hides some system software you might want to remove, such as
Windows Messenger, but you can tickle it and make it disgorge
everything. Using Notepad or Edit, edit the text file /windows/inf/
sysoc.inf, search for the word 'hide' and remove it. You can then go
to the Add or Remove Programs in the Control Panel, select Add/Remove
Windows Components and there will be your prey, exposed and vulnerable.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Creating Shutdown Icon or One Click Shutdown:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Navigate to your desktop. On the desktop, right-click and go to New,
then to Shortcut (in other words, create a new shortcut). You should
now see a pop-up window instructing you to enter a command line path.
Use this path in "Type Location of the Item"
SHUTDOWN -s -t 01
If the C: drive is not your local hard drive, then replace "C" with
the correct letter of the hard drive. Click the "Next" button. Name
the shortcut and click the "Finish" button. Now whenever you want to
shut down, just click on this shortcut and you're done.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Increasing Band-Width By 20%:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Microsoft reserves 20% of your available bandwidth for their own
purposes like Windows Updates and interrogating your PC etc

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
To get it back:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Click Start then Run and type "gpedit.msc" without quotes.This opens
the group policy editor. Then go to:
Local Computer Policy then Computer Configuration then Administrative
Templates then Network then QOS Packet Scheduler and then to Limit
Reservable Bandwidth.
Double click on Limit Reservable bandwidth. It will say it is not
configured, but the truth is under the 'Explain' tab i.e."By default,
the Packet Scheduler limits the system to 20 percent of the bandwidth
of a connection, but you can use this setting to override the default."
So the trick is to ENABLE reservable bandwidth, then set it to ZERO.
This will allow the system to reserve nothing, rather than the default
20%.It works on Win 2000 as well.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Renaming The Recycle Bin icon:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

To change the name of the Recycle Bin desktop icon, click Start then
goto Run, write Regedit and press Enter. It opens Registry Editor. Now
in Registry Editor go to:

HKEY_CLASSES_ ROOT/CLSID/ {645FF040- 5081-101B- 9F08-00AA002F954 E}
and change the name "Recycle Bin" to whatever you want (don't type any
quotes).

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Managing Tasks:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

You can at last get rid of tasks on the computer from the command line
by using 'taskkill /pid' and the task number, or just 'tskill' and the
process number. Find that out by typing 'tasklist', which will also
tell you a lot about what's going on in your system.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Removing Shared Documents folder From My Computer window:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Open registry editor by going to Start then Run and entering regedit.
Once in registry, navigate to key

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SOFTWARE \ Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion \
Explorer \ My Computer \ NameSpace \ DelegateFolders

You must see a sub-key named {59031a47-3f72- 44a7-89c5- 5595fe6b30ee}
. If you delete this key, you have effectively removed the my shared
documents folder.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Improving the Slow Boot up time:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

There are a variety of reasons why your windows XP system would boot
slowly. Most of the times it this has to do with the startup
applications. If you would like to speed up the bootup sequence,
consider removing some of the startup applications that you do not
need. Easiest way to remove startup apps is through System
Configuration Utility. Go to Start then Run and enter MSCONFIG and go
to the Startup tab. Deselect/UnCheck application( s) that you do not
want to startup at boot time.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Customize Logon prompt with your Own Words:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Open Registry by going to Start then Run, entering regedit and
Navigate to [HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE\SOFTWARE \Microsoft\ Windows
NT\CurrentVersion\ Winlogon] . In right pane, look for key by the name
"LogonPrompt". Set its value to whatever text you want to see
displayed at login screen.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
IP address of your connection:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Go to Start then Run. Enter 'cmd' and then enter 'ipconfig' .Add the
'/all' switch for more info.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Making Folders Private:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Open My Computer Double-click the drive where Windows is installed
(usually drive (C:), unless you have more than one drive on your
computer). If the contents of the drive are hidden, under System
Tasks, click Show the contents of this drive.
Double-click the Documents and Settings folder. Double-click your user
folder. Right-click any folder in your user profile, and then click
Properties. On the Sharing tab, select the Make this folder private so
that only I have access to it check box.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
To change Drive Letters:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Go to Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Computer
Management, Disk Management, then right-click the partition whose name
you want to change (click in the white area just below the word
"Volume") and select "change drive letter and paths."
From here you can add, remove or change drive letters and paths to the
partition.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Removing the Shortcut arrow from Desktop Icons:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Goto Start then Run and Enter regedit. Navigate to HKEY_CLASSES_
ROOTlnkfile. Delete the IsShortcut registry value. You may need to
restart Windows XP.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Get Drivers for your Devices:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Visit Windows Update (XP Only)
Look at the left hand pane and under Other Options click Personalize
Windows Update.
Now in the right hand pane check the box - Display the link to the
Windows Update Catalog under See Also
Below Choose which categories and updates to display on Windows Update
- make sure you check all the boxes you want shown.
Click Save Settings
Now look in the left hand pane under See Also click Windows Update
Catalog and choose what you're looking for. Choose either MS updates
or drivers for hardware devices.
Start the Wizard and off you go.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Customize Internet Explorer's Title Bar:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Open Registry by going to Start then Run and Enter regedit. Navigate
to HKEY_CURRENT_ USER\Software\ Microsoft\ Internet. Explorer\Main. In
right hand panel look for string "Window Title" and change its value
to whatever custom text you want to see.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Disabling the use of Win Key:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

If your are a gaming freak then you must be sick of the Win key in
your keyboard. To disable use of Win key, open registry by going to
Start then Run and entering regedit. Navigate to [HKEY_LOCAL_
MACHINE\SYSTEM\ CurrentControlSe t\Control\ Keyboard Layout] . In this
look for value of "Scancode Map". Its binary data so be extra careful:
Set its value to "00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 03 00 00 00 00 00 5B E0 00
00 5C E0 00 00 00 00" to disable the win key.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Restarting Windows without Restarting the Computer:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

This one is again is. When you click on the SHUTDOWN button, make sure
to simultaneous press SHIFT Button. If you hold the Shift key down
while clicking on SHUTDOWN button, you computer would restart without
restarting the Computer. This is equivalent to term "HOT REBOOT".

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Stopping XP from displaying unread messages count on Welcome Screen:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

To stop XP from displaying count of unread messages, Open registry and
navigate to [HKEY_CURRENT_ USER\Software\ Microsoft\ Windows\CurrentV
ersion\UnreadMai l] and look for the data key "MessageExpiryDays". If
you do not see this key, create one DWORD key by the name
"MessageExpiryDays". Setting its value to 0 would stop Windows XP from
displaying the count of unread messages.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Modify Color Selection of Default Theme:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Open registry by going to Start then Run. Entering regedit, navigate
to [HKEY_USERS\ .DEFAULT\ Software\ Microsoft\ Windows\CurrentV
ersion\ThemeMana ger] and locate the key "ColorName".
Right Click on it and select modify its value from "NormalColor" to
"Metallic"
Click Ok, and exit regedit and restart your computer.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Removing the Recycle Bin from the Desktop:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

If you don't use the Recycle Bin to store deleted files , you can get
rid of its desktop icon all together. Run Regedit and go to:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/ SOFTWARE/ Microsoft/ Windows/CurrentV
ersion/explorer/ Desktop/NameSpac e

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Customize Windows XP
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

1) Remove windows messenger from WinXP one forever
Go to Run box and type next:
runDll32 advpack.dll, LaunchINFSection %windir%\INF\ msmsgs.inf, BLC.Remove

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
2) Disable XP Error Reporting
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Right click on MyComputer choose Properties
In System Properties click on Advenced
In Advenced click on Error Reporting
Check "Disable error reporting"
Leave unchecked field "But notify me when critical errors occur"

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
3) Hide 'User Accounts' from users
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Go to Start/Run, and type: GPEDIT.MSC
Open the path
User Config > Admin Templates > Control Panel
doubleclick "Hide specified Control Panel applets"
put a dot in 'enabled', then click 'Show"
click Add button,
type "nusrmgt.cpl" into the add box

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
4) Create Your Own Logon Message
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Click Start, click Run, type regedit, and then click OK.
In the Registry Editor, drill down to the following key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ Winlogon
Right-click LegalNoticeCaption, click Modify, type My Windows XP Machine, and then click OK.
Right-click LegalNoticeText, click Modify, and then type your message.
Close the editor and your new message will appear at every log on.
This tip applies to computers that are part of a domain.
For stand-alone or peer-to-peer networks,
the custom screen appears just before the Welcome screen.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
5) Disable balloon tips
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Run regedit and Navigate to Key:
HKEY_CURRENT_ USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ CurrentVersion \Explorer\Advanced
then set the value of 'EnableBalloonTips' to 0.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
6) Create your own popup menu in the taskbar
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

You can create your own popup window other than START MENU in the taskbar.
Put all the shortcuts to the applications that you want to popup in a folder.
Then you right click on taskbar ->toolbars ->new toolbar -> and select the folder

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
7) Reset Your Password On XP
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
1. Restart you computer

2. When booting, press F8 and select "Safe Mode"

3. After getting to the user menu. Click on a user and this time it will not ask you for a password

4. Go to Start>Run and type "CMD" (without the quotes).

5. At command prompt type in "cd C:WindowsSystem32" (without the quotes),
I am assuming C is your System/Windows Drive

6.For safety purposes first make a backup of your Logon.Scr file..
You can do this by typing in "Copy to Logon.scr to Logon.bak" (without the quotes)

7.Then type "copy CMD.EXE Logon.scr"(without the quotes)

8.Then type this command, I will assume that you want to set Administrator's
password to "MyNewPass" (without the quotes)

9.Now, type this in (I am assuming that you are still in the directory C:WindowsSystem32),
"net user administrator MyNewPass" without the quotes

10. You will get a message saying that it was successful, this means Administrator's
new password is "MyNewPass" (without the quotes)

11. Restart the PC and you will login as Administrator (or whatever you chose to reset) with your chosen password

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
8.)Cool Create your own Internet Explorer Toolbar

First, create your HTML file and place it in whatever folder is
easiest for you to remember. ( I have a folder on my D drive called Desktop Toolbars. )

Go to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\AboutURLs

Create a new String Value with an easy to remember name.
Ex: TopToolbar ,BottomToolbar ,GoogleSearchPage

In the data for the new string value you've created, put the COMPLETE
address for the HTML page you want to display in a toolbar.

Like this: D:\Desktop_Toolbars \TopBar.html

To show your new toolbar, right-click on your taskbar and choose "Toolbars" > New Toolbar.

In the box labeled Folder:, type about: with the name of the string
value you created that represents the HTML file you want to see in your toolbar.
Like this:
about:TopBar
will display your D:\Desktop_Toolbars \TopBar.html in your taskbar.
about:BottomBar
about:GoogleSearchP age

See this screenshot for a visual example of something simple you can do:

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
10.)Speed Up Windows XP and Improve performance
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
1) Shutting down WinXP faster

When a user shuts down Windows XP, first the system has to kill all
services currently running. Every once in a while the service does not shut
down instantly and windows give it a change to shut down on its own before it kills it.
This amount of time that windows wait is stored in the system registry.
If you modify this setting, then windows will kill the service earlier.
To modify the setting, follow the directions below:

Click on Start, and then goto run, type REGEDIT

Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/ SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/ Control.
Click on the "Control" Folder.
Select "WaitToKillServiceTi meout"
Right click on it and select Modify. Set it a value lower than 4000

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
2) You can start up without needing to enter a user name or password.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Select Run... from the start menu and type 'control userpasswords2' ,
which will open the user accounts application. On the Users tab,
clear the box for Users Must Enter A User Name And Password To
Use This Computer, and click on OK. An Automatically Log On
dialog box will appear; enter the user name and password for
the account you want to use.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
3) Windows XP SP2 Tweaks
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Disable the SP antivirus and firewall functions
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

[HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center]
"AntiVirusDisableNot ify"=dword :00000001
"FirewallDisableNoti fy"=dword:00000001
; don't monitor firewall and antivirus
"AntiVirusOverride"=dword:00000001
"FirewallOverride"=dword:00000001

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Turn off Auto Updates
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

[HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE\SOFTWARE \Microsoft\Windows\ CurrentVersion\WindowsUpdate\ Auto Update]
"AUOptions"=dword:00000001
;disable Auto Update
[HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE\SOFTWARE \Microsoft\Security Center]
"UpdatesDisableNotif y"=dword:00000001

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Turn off the SP2 firewall
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

[HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft \WindowsFire wall\DomainProfile]
"EnableFirewall"=dword:00000000

turn off firewall policy for domain profile
[HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft \WindowsFire wall\StandardProfil e]
"EnableFirewall"=dword:00000000

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Disable unnecessary Services
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Caution:
Exercise caution when stopping services. If you do not know what a service does or are unsure of the ramifications of stopping the service, leave it alone. Some services are critical to Windows XP's operations, so make sure you understand what the service is before you disable it.
Open Control Panel/Administrativ e ToolsServices or else select Start/Run, type services.msc, and click OK. Either way, you see the Services console.
Notice that on the General tab, you see a Startup Type drop-down menu. If you want to change an automatic service to manual, select Manual here and click OK. As a general rule, don't disable a service unless you are sure you will never use it. However, manual configuration allows the service to be started when you find it necessary, thus speeding up your boot time. However, before you change a service to manual, look at the Dependencies tab. This tab shows you which other services depend upon the service you are considering changing.

Tip:

The Indexing service and the System Restore service take up a lot of disk space and system resources across the board. You can live without the Indexing service but I suggest that you keep using System Restore. It works great when you are in a bind and this is one case where the loss of speed may not be worth the ramifications of not using System Restore.

While disabling services, check and make sure that IIS (internet information server) is not installed and running if you do not want to run a web server, ftp, or mail server. If you find it, you can uninstall from the control panel. If you only want to run one of the 3 services it provides, disable the other 2 (the 3 should be HTTP server, FTP server, & SMTP server).


>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Deleting System Softwares:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

XP hides some system software you might want to remove,
such as Windows Messenger, but you can tickle it and make
it disgorge everything. Using Notepad or Edit,
edit the text file /windows/inf/ sysoc.inf, search for
the word 'hide' and remove it. You can then go to the
Add or Remove Programs in the Control Panel, select
Add/Remove Windows Components and there will be your prey,
exposed and vulnerable.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Creating Shutdown Icon or One Click Shutdown:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Navigate to your desktop. On the desktop, right-click
and go to New, then to Shortcut (in other words, create
a new shortcut). You should now see a pop-up window
instructing you to enter a command line path.
Use this path in "Type Location of the Item"
SHUTDOWN -s -t 01
If the C: drive is not your local hard drive,
then replace "C" with the correct letter of the hard
drive. Click the "Next" button. Name the shortcut and
click the "Finish" button. Now whenever you want to
shut down, just click on this shortcut and you're done.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Making Google the Default Search Engine in Internet Explorer:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Open registry editor by going to Start then Run and entering regedit and navigate to following three keys separately and change it as shown below:

[HKEY_CURRENT_ USER\Software\ Microsoft\ Internet Explorer\Main]
"Search Page"="http://www.google. com"
"Search Bar"=" http://www.google. com/ie"
[HKEY_CURRENT_ USER\Software\ Microsoft\ Internet Explorer\SearchURL]
""=" http://www.google. com/keyword/ %s"
[HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE\SOFTWARE \Microsoft\ Internet Explorer\Search]
"SearchAssistant"=" http://www.google. com/ie" .

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Disabling the use of Win Key:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

If your are a gaming freak then you must be sick of the Win key
in your keyboard. To disable use of Win key, open registry by going
to Start then Run and entering regedit. Navigate to
[HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE\SYSTEM\ CurrentControlSe t\Control\ Keyboard Layout].
In this look for value of "Scancode Map".
Its binary data so be extra careful:

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Removing the Recycle Bin from the Desktop:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

If you don't use the Recycle Bin to store deleted files ,
you can get rid of its desktop icon all together.
Run Regedit and go to:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/ SOFTWARE/ Microsoft/ Windows/CurrentV ersion/explorer/ Desktop/NameSpace

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>><<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

>Windows Genuine Validation

>Windows Genuine Validation

By Pass Windows Genuine Validation Process In Xp
1 st : Include All Updates
2 nd : You Will Get A message You May Be Victim Of Software Counterfetting or Piracy .
3 rd : Go to Task Manager and ENd the Process WgaTray.exe
3 th : go to System32 folder there locate
WgaLogon.dll
WgaTray.exe
LegitCheckControl.dll
5 th : Delete all the above files ; If you are unable to delete them just rename and delete .
6 th : Now go to x:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Windows Genuine Advantage\data folder
7 th : delete the file data.dat
8 th : Open Note Pad Write Anything You Want To Write Just Write Now Save it as data.dat in the x:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Windows Genuine Advantage\data folder
9 th : Set The Arrtibute Of File As Read Only and Hidden .
10 th : Restart the Pc
Your Probelm Is Solved Just Downlaod Anything From Microsoft Without Any Probelm !!! Enjoy .

Understanding Broadband

Understanding Broadband


First of all, you must know some of the jargon! The word broadband itself
simply is defined as a high speed Internet service that gives you continuous
access to the Internet on a consistent basis. Broadband includes a technology
called ADSL which stands for Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line and
requires a special modem to access the line.


This technology uses standard copper telephone lines to provide Internet
access speeds from 1.5 to 9 megabytes per second. DSL technologies or
Digital Subscriber Lines use a higher frequency than standard
telephone communication.


There are several types of DSL configurations including ADSL or
Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Lines, HDSL or High data rate DSL,
and VDSL or Very High Data Rate DSL. A DSL line dynamically increases
the capacity of ordinary copper wire. Since the signal is stronger
the closer you are to the DSL Access Multiplexor or DSLAM the faster
your signal will be the closer you are to the DSL provider's Central Office or distribution point.


DSL lines are typically used for small business and residential customers. Of course as your needs grow, it should be understood; that the more data you need to transfer, the larger the pipe (Internet access line or physical copper wire) you need to transport the data. This is where more sophisticated forms of broadband come in for business use. Read more information at : http://online-articles.org/broadband-internet/site-map.php



The technical terms for this type of broadband is measured by the amount of data that the line transfers. T1 -Transmits data in the range of 1.5 million bits per second and primarily used by small and medium sized business with heavy upload and Internet traffic. A T-1 line is usually leased by bandwidth used. Typical uses are large graphic files, photographs, sound files, music, video, etc. However, your company should evaluate the amount of data and computers that are connected for Internet Access at the same time. T1 lines in the United States carry a 24 pulse code modulation (PCM) signal using time-division multiplexing (TDM).


These lines use copper wire which usually connect major metropolitan areas. There are a number of high quality companies that offer T1 Broadband and you will find that prices do vary so it is important that you compare.



You may also find that your local cable provider may have introduced their version of broadband which actually can emulate one side of a T1 connection. However, you should be aware... You may actually get 1.5 mpbs on the download side, but when you try to upload a file, your bandwidth is cut down to about 1/10th. A cable connection is made for residential customers to surf the Internet with great speed and download files, but not made for you to upload with great speed. This slow upload limit is the major difference between a real T1 line and cable.Read more information at : http://online-articles.org/broadband-internet/site-map.php


There are many types of broadband connections that are much faster circuit than T1, these range from T3 (3 times faster than T1) to OC-48, and a frame relay connection which really are the same thing just MUCH larger pipes (lines) that can transmit the data. I have found while working with broadband providers you really need a persona coach to help guide you through the process.



Not only can personal coaches such as ImageLink Networks guide you through the red tape, the efficiency that comes from our presence and telecom knowledge will save you time and money in the end. It is important to seek an unbiased opinion and research for the best real time price for your T1 line. Broadband is a commodity, and changes as new subscribers come online in specified areas. To make a long story shorter, you are ready for a broadband connection if you are tired of waiting for a standard dial up to connect and download.


Do not be confused, dial up companies use a standard phone line to connect you to their server to bring you an Internet connection. One thing is for sure, if you ever experience a broadband connection via cable, T1, T3, DS-3, or better you will never ever go back to dial up.Read more information at : http://online-articles.org/broadband-internet/site-map.php

>>Twenty things you might want to know about Windows XP

>>Twenty things you might want to know about Windows XP

You've read the reviews and digested the key feature enhancements
and operational changes. Now it's time to delve a bit deeper and
uncover some of Windows XP's secrets.

1. It boasts how long it can stay up. Whereas previous versions of
Windows were coy about how long they went between boots, XP is
positively proud of its stamina. Go to the Command Prompt in the
Accessories menu from the All Programs start button option, and then
type 'systeminfo'. The computer will produce a lot of useful info,
including the uptime. If you want to keep these, type 'systeminfo >
info.txt'. This creates a file called info.txt you can look at later
with Notepad. (Professional Edition only).

2. You can delete files immediately, without having them move to the
Recycle Bin first. Go to the Start menu, select Run... and type '
gpedit.msc'; then select User Configuration, Administrative
Templates, Windows Components, Windows Explorer and find the Do not
move deleted files to the Recycle Bin setting. Set it. Poking around
in gpedit will reveal a great many interface and system options, but
take care – some may stop your computer behaving as you wish.
(Professional Edition only).

3. You can lock your XP workstation with two clicks of the mouse.
Create a new shortcut on your desktop using a right mouse click, and
enter 'rundll32.exeuser32.dll, LockWorkStation' in the location
field. Give the shortcut a name you like. That's it -- just
double click on it and your computer will be locked. And if that's
not easy enough, Windows key + L will do the same.

4. XP hides some system software you might want to remove, such as
Windows Messenger, but you can tickle it and make it disgorge
everything. Using Notepad or
Edit, edit the text file /windows/inf/sysoc.inf, search for the
word 'hide' and remove it. You can then go to the Add or Remove
Programs in the Control Panel, select Add/Remove Windows Components
and there will be your prey, exposed and vulnerable.

5. For those skilled in the art of DOS batch files, XP has a number
of interesting new commands. These include 'eventcreate'
and 'eventtriggers' for creating and watching system
events, 'typeperf' for monitoring performance of various subsystems,
and 'schtasks' for handling scheduled tasks. As usual, typing the
command name followed by /? will give a list of options -- they're
all far too baroque to go into here.

6. XP has IP version 6 support -- the next generation of IP.
Unfortunately this is more than your ISP has, so you can only
experiment with this on your LAN. Type 'ipv6 install' into Run...
(it's OK, it won't ruin your existing network setup) and
then 'ipv6 /?' at the
command line to find out more. If you don't know what IPv6 is, don't
worry and don't bother.

7. You can at last get rid of tasks on the computer from the command
line by using 'taskkill /pid' and the task number, or just 'tskill'
and the process number. Find that out by typing 'tasklist', which
will also tell you a lot about what's going on in your system.

8. XP will treat Zip files like folders, which is nice if you've got
a fast machine. On slower machines, you can make XP leave zip files
well alone by typing 'regsvr32 /u zipfldr.dll' at the command line.
If you change your mind later, you can put things back as they were
by typing 'regsvr32 zipfldr.dll'.

9. XP has ClearType -- Microsoft's anti-aliasing font display
technology -- but doesn't have it enabled by default. It's well
worth trying, especially if you were there for DOS and all those
years of staring at a screen have given you the eyes of an
astigmatic bat.
To enable ClearType, right click on the desktop, select Properties,
Appearance, Effects, select ClearType from the second drop-down menu
and enable the selection. Expect best results on laptop displays. If
you want to use ClearType on the Welcome login screen as well, set
the registry entry
HKEY_USERS/.DEFAULT/ControlPanel/Desktop/FontSmoothingType to 2.

10. You can use Remote Assistance to help a friend who's using
network address translation (NAT) on a home network, but not
automatically. Get your pal to email you a Remote Assistance

invitation and edit the file. Under the RCTICKET attribute will be a
NAT IP address, like 192.168.1.10. Replace this with your chum's

real IP address -- they can find this out by going to
www.whatismyip.com -- and get them to make sure that they've got

port 3389 open on their firewall and forwarded to the errant
computer.

11. You can run a program as a different user without logging out
and back in again. Right click the icon, select Run As... and enter

the user name and password you want to use. This only applies for
that run. The trick is particularly useful if you need to have
administrative permissions to install a program, which many require.
Note that you can have some fun by running programs multiple times

on the same system as different users, but this can have unforeseen
effects.

12. Windows XP can be very insistent about you checking for auto
updates, registering a Passport, using Windows Messenger and so on.

After a while, the nagging goes away, but if you feel you might slip
the bonds of sanity before that point, run Regedit, go to
HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/Explorer/
Advanced and create a DWORD value called EnableBalloonTips with a

value of 0.

13. You can start up without needing to enter a user name or
password. Select Run... from the start menu and type 'control
userpasswords2', which will open the user accounts application. On

the Users tab, clear the box for Users Must Enter A User Name And
Password To Use This Computer, and click on OK. An Automatically Log
On dialog box will appear; enter the user name and password for the
account you want to use.


14. Internet Explorer 6 will automatically delete temporary files,
but only if you tell it to. Start the browser, select Tools /
Internet Options... and Advanced, go down to the Security area and
check the box to Empty Temporary Internet Files folder when

browser is closed.

15. XP comes with a free Network Activity Light, just in case you
can't see the LEDs twinkle on your network card. Right click on My
Network Places on the desktop, then select Properties. Right click

on the description for your LAN or dial-up connection, select
Properties, then check the Show icon in notification area when
connected box. You'll now see a tiny network icon on the right of
your task bar that glimmers nicely during network traffic.


16. The Start Menu can be leisurely when it decides to appear, but
you can speed things along by changing the registry entry
HKEY_CURRENT_USER/ControlPanel/Desktop/MenuShowDelay from the
default 400 to something a little snappier. Like 0.


17. You can rename loads of files at once in Windows Explorer.
Highlight a set of files in a window, then right click on one and
rename it. All the other files will be renamed to that name, with
individual numbers in brackets to distinguish them. Also, in a

folder you
can arrange icons in alphabetised groups by View, Arrange Icon
By... Show In Groups.

18. Windows Media Player will display the cover art for albums as it
plays the tracks -- if it found the picture on the Internet when you

copied the tracks from the CD. If it didn't, or if you have lots of
pre-WMP music files, you can put your own copy of the cover art in
the same directory as the tracks. Just call it folder.jpg and
Windows Media Player will pick it up and display it.


19. Windows key + Break brings up the System Properties dialogue
box; Windows key + D brings up the desktop; Windows key + Tab moves
through the taskbar buttons.

20. The next release of Windows XP, codenamed Longhorn, is due out

>>Twenty things you might want to know about Windows XP

>>Twenty things you might want to know about Windows XP

You've read the reviews and digested the key feature enhancements
and operational changes. Now it's time to delve a bit deeper and
uncover some of Windows XP's secrets.

1. It boasts how long it can stay up. Whereas previous versions of
Windows were coy about how long they went between boots, XP is
positively proud of its stamina. Go to the Command Prompt in the
Accessories menu from the All Programs start button option, and then
type 'systeminfo'. The computer will produce a lot of useful info,
including the uptime. If you want to keep these, type 'systeminfo >
info.txt'. This creates a file called info.txt you can look at later
with Notepad. (Professional Edition only).

2. You can delete files immediately, without having them move to the
Recycle Bin first. Go to the Start menu, select Run... and type '
gpedit.msc'; then select User Configuration, Administrative
Templates, Windows Components, Windows Explorer and find the Do not
move deleted files to the Recycle Bin setting. Set it. Poking around
in gpedit will reveal a great many interface and system options, but
take care – some may stop your computer behaving as you wish.
(Professional Edition only).

3. You can lock your XP workstation with two clicks of the mouse.
Create a new shortcut on your desktop using a right mouse click, and
enter 'rundll32.exeuser32.dll, LockWorkStation' in the location
field. Give the shortcut a name you like. That's it -- just
double click on it and your computer will be locked. And if that's
not easy enough, Windows key + L will do the same.

4. XP hides some system software you might want to remove, such as
Windows Messenger, but you can tickle it and make it disgorge
everything. Using Notepad or
Edit, edit the text file /windows/inf/sysoc.inf, search for the
word 'hide' and remove it. You can then go to the Add or Remove
Programs in the Control Panel, select Add/Remove Windows Components
and there will be your prey, exposed and vulnerable.

5. For those skilled in the art of DOS batch files, XP has a number
of interesting new commands. These include 'eventcreate'
and 'eventtriggers' for creating and watching system
events, 'typeperf' for monitoring performance of various subsystems,
and 'schtasks' for handling scheduled tasks. As usual, typing the
command name followed by /? will give a list of options -- they're
all far too baroque to go into here.

6. XP has IP version 6 support -- the next generation of IP.
Unfortunately this is more than your ISP has, so you can only
experiment with this on your LAN. Type 'ipv6 install' into Run...
(it's OK, it won't ruin your existing network setup) and
then 'ipv6 /?' at the
command line to find out more. If you don't know what IPv6 is, don't
worry and don't bother.

7. You can at last get rid of tasks on the computer from the command
line by using 'taskkill /pid' and the task number, or just 'tskill'
and the process number. Find that out by typing 'tasklist', which
will also tell you a lot about what's going on in your system.

8. XP will treat Zip files like folders, which is nice if you've got
a fast machine. On slower machines, you can make XP leave zip files
well alone by typing 'regsvr32 /u zipfldr.dll' at the command line.
If you change your mind later, you can put things back as they were
by typing 'regsvr32 zipfldr.dll'.

9. XP has ClearType -- Microsoft's anti-aliasing font display
technology -- but doesn't have it enabled by default. It's well
worth trying, especially if you were there for DOS and all those
years of staring at a screen have given you the eyes of an
astigmatic bat.
To enable ClearType, right click on the desktop, select Properties,
Appearance, Effects, select ClearType from the second drop-down menu
and enable the selection. Expect best results on laptop displays. If
you want to use ClearType on the Welcome login screen as well, set
the registry entry
HKEY_USERS/.DEFAULT/ControlPanel/Desktop/FontSmoothingType to 2.

10. You can use Remote Assistance to help a friend who's using
network address translation (NAT) on a home network, but not
automatically. Get your pal to email you a Remote Assistance

invitation and edit the file. Under the RCTICKET attribute will be a
NAT IP address, like 192.168.1.10. Replace this with your chum's

real IP address -- they can find this out by going to
www.whatismyip.com -- and get them to make sure that they've got

port 3389 open on their firewall and forwarded to the errant
computer.

11. You can run a program as a different user without logging out
and back in again. Right click the icon, select Run As... and enter

the user name and password you want to use. This only applies for
that run. The trick is particularly useful if you need to have
administrative permissions to install a program, which many require.
Note that you can have some fun by running programs multiple times

on the same system as different users, but this can have unforeseen
effects.

12. Windows XP can be very insistent about you checking for auto
updates, registering a Passport, using Windows Messenger and so on.

After a while, the nagging goes away, but if you feel you might slip
the bonds of sanity before that point, run Regedit, go to
HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/Explorer/
Advanced and create a DWORD value called EnableBalloonTips with a

value of 0.

13. You can start up without needing to enter a user name or
password. Select Run... from the start menu and type 'control
userpasswords2', which will open the user accounts application. On

the Users tab, clear the box for Users Must Enter A User Name And
Password To Use This Computer, and click on OK. An Automatically Log
On dialog box will appear; enter the user name and password for the
account you want to use.


14. Internet Explorer 6 will automatically delete temporary files,
but only if you tell it to. Start the browser, select Tools /
Internet Options... and Advanced, go down to the Security area and
check the box to Empty Temporary Internet Files folder when

browser is closed.

15. XP comes with a free Network Activity Light, just in case you
can't see the LEDs twinkle on your network card. Right click on My
Network Places on the desktop, then select Properties. Right click

on the description for your LAN or dial-up connection, select
Properties, then check the Show icon in notification area when
connected box. You'll now see a tiny network icon on the right of
your task bar that glimmers nicely during network traffic.


16. The Start Menu can be leisurely when it decides to appear, but
you can speed things along by changing the registry entry
HKEY_CURRENT_USER/ControlPanel/Desktop/MenuShowDelay from the
default 400 to something a little snappier. Like 0.


17. You can rename loads of files at once in Windows Explorer.
Highlight a set of files in a window, then right click on one and
rename it. All the other files will be renamed to that name, with
individual numbers in brackets to distinguish them. Also, in a

folder you
can arrange icons in alphabetised groups by View, Arrange Icon
By... Show In Groups.

18. Windows Media Player will display the cover art for albums as it
plays the tracks -- if it found the picture on the Internet when you

copied the tracks from the CD. If it didn't, or if you have lots of
pre-WMP music files, you can put your own copy of the cover art in
the same directory as the tracks. Just call it folder.jpg and
Windows Media Player will pick it up and display it.


19. Windows key + Break brings up the System Properties dialogue
box; Windows key + D brings up the desktop; Windows key + Tab moves
through the taskbar buttons.

20. The next release of Windows XP, codenamed Longhorn, is due out